The studied device, represented in the following figure, is a surface inset permanent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM) used on a traction application with 75 kW power rating. It is a three-phase machine with 45 stator slots and 10 rotor poles made from M800_65A steel. It operates in the generator mode in this application case.
After the 2D transient magnetic is finished, the post-processing results, such as stator tooth electromagnetic forces and loss distribution can be used for further NVH (with OptiStruct) and CFD (with AcuSolve) analysis. The electromagnetic forces acting on stator teeth computed in Flux will be converted to Load Case for OptiStruct to run a 3D NVH analysis. All loss results obtained with Flux will be converted to Heat Sources for AcuSolve to run a 3D CFD analysis. The multi-physics analysis workflow (with the outside airflow considered) is shown below:
The objective is to calculate electromagnetic torque and other electrical parameters (phase voltages, phase currents, power, losses, etc.) for different rotor positions under transient analysis. In this case, the transient magnetic application is used and coupled with an external three-phase circuit (created by the Circuit Designer) while varying rotor position.
Once the PMSM is electromagnetically computed, the second step is to analyze its thermal characteristics. In Flux, the most common way is to export the copper loss / iron loss information from the transient magnetic analysis and run the CFD analysis with AcuSolve. The following temperature distribution figure provides a primary analysis of the thermal characteristics inside the motor. Furthermore, all the results are compared to the measurement.
All files corresponding to this example are accessible with this link : MT2D_AirCooledPMSM_EM_CFD_Generator.zip